O. Box 730462, D-22124 Hamburg
Subjects: Climate change ‘field
experiment’, WWII, El Niño, and the arctic winter 1939/40 in
Hamburg/Germany and North Europe
Dear Madam and Sir,
Welcome in year 2007. Today,
on the 1st January, in Hamburg the temperatures are 8ºC
with light rain, and the forecast predicts the same conditions for the
coming week. Which is certainly unusual warm. Before coming up with
any conclusions, let us make a brief quiz.
What has forthcoming Northern
Hemisphere winter 2006/07 in common with war winter 1939/40?
At first glance we find that
both winters see an El Niño event, a natural phenomenon in the
Equatorial Pacific. By a second assessment, the climate stability is
tested by anthropogenic “field experiments”. For many years
science is claiming that the industrial release of ‘greenhouse gases’
are changing global climate. In winter 1939/40 Europe saw a much more
decisive climate change experiment, by thousand naval ships sailing
and fighting in the North Sea and Baltic Sea since WWII commenced on
September 1st, 1939.
naval war experiment immediately produced significant results. After
autumn 1772 the autumn 1938 had been the warmest for a half millennium.
Although since the end of WWI Europe had been getting warmer every
suddenly Northern Europe was back into the Little Ice Age,
respectively experienced the coldest winter for more than 100 years.
The dramatic change is well demonstrated by the mean temperatures in
the city Hamburg, which is close to the North-, and Baltic Sea (see
the graph). The arctic winter was felt from Finland, to England,
France, Switzerland, and Eastern Europe until March 1940. The climate
change experiment by naval war proved to be a full success.
Now 67 years later, the
Pacific has again an El Niño event, albeit a small one, but the
autumn 2006 was the warmest for 500 years (Fn.1), and also the
December 2006 was unusual warm. Between now (early January) and than
the temperature difference in Hamburg is about 25º C. Was this
difference caused by naval war alone, or did also the 1939 El Niño
event contributed, as claimed recently in a Nature article?
The article concludes: “The results suggest that the global climate
anomaly in 1940 to 1942 – previously poorly documented –
constitutes a key period for our understanding of large-scale climate
variability and global El Niño effects.” This winter does not
support such a thesis. That there is no such causation with regard to
the three artic winters in Northern Europe from 1939-1942 and the
event in Pacific is discussed in books and web sites on the impact of
naval war on weather and climate (see references on this site).
The authors of the referred
Nature article received great attention in the international press two
years ago. The discussion on the impact of greenhouse gases is getting
“hotter” day by day. Should we any longer ignore the huge ‘field
experiments’ by naval war during WWI and WWII? We think not, and
offer you the material on this and related websites to form your own