Arctic Warming started – 90 years ago – January 1939
- Does the Arctic scream, and why?-
Here published: 10 January 2009
the January 1919, Spitsbergen a remote archipelagos between the North
Cape in Norway and the North Pole had corresponding mean temperatures
during January as 2000 km further south in Oslo, mere
–5°C. That was a climatic ‘bang’.
It meant that the temperature differences between the two pre and post
WWI January was 16° (sixteen) degrees.
The extraordinary situation during this months went unnoticed. The
event itself not.
the Arctic started to warm. In 1930 the Norwegian scientist .B. J.
regarded the rise as possibly the biggest ever observed at a single place. Presumably Birkeland could repeat the claim today again with
justification. In 1932 the New York Times reported: “ Next
great deluge forecast by scientists – Melting polar ice caps
to raise the level of the seas and flood the continents”. Only
three decades after January 1919 the developments in the Arctic had
been called: a climatic revolution
dramatic the rise was is possibly best illustrated with few graphics,
which indicate the extraordinary temperature jump. Particularly
explanatory is the image showing the global situation in the years
after the event from 1921 –1930, and how the temperature
situation effected the Arctic and Europe toward the end of the 1930s,
just before the warming ended and a three decade long cooling phase
stated with WWII in winter 1939/40.
question today is, what do we know about the January 1919 Spitsbergen event? Do we have any information whether the early Arctic warming from
1919 to 1940 has been in any way a source of the dramatic sea ice
melting in the Arctic over the last few years? Unfortunately not.
Science has shown little interest to provide explanation. Instead we
are told that this is “one of the most puzzling climate
anomalies of the 20th century”.
helpful is this explanation either: “The recent dramatic loss
of Arctic sea ice appears to be due to a combination of a global
warming signal and fortuitous phasing of intrinsic climate
Recently a scientist said: "The Arctic is screaming".
Presumably the Arctic is wondering why
the Spitsbergen event in January 1919 and subsequent warming is not
understood and explained after 90 years.
information at: The
Early Arctic Warming or: http://www.arctic-warming.com/
Birkeland, B.J. (1930) , Temperaturvariationen auf Spitzbergen,
Meteorologische Zeitschrift, Juni 1930, p. 234-236.
York Times; May 15, 1932.
Ahlmann, H.W. (1946); “Research on Snow and Ice,
1918-1940”, The Geographical Journal, 1946, p.11-25
Bengtsson, et al (2004), The Early Twentieth-Century Warming in the
Arctic—A Possible Mechanism, Journal of Climate, page
J . E. (2008); M.
WANG & S.
SALO; „The recent Arctic warm period“, Tellus,
This was widely reported, e.g. Associated Press; 12 Dec.2007 by Seth Borenstein; “Ominous Arctic Melt Worries